If you have experienced white or discolored patches on the skin, these are the signs of vitiligo which is also known as Leucoderma. However the reasons which cause Vitiligo are unknown, it is assumed that it happens due to a dysfunctional immune system. Although Vitiligo is a skin disorder which is painless and didn’t create any harm to the skin it low down the self-esteem of people. But the good news is Vitiligo is treatable and can be corrected with cosmetic approaches.
Patterns of Vitiligo:
- Focal- This pattern of Vitiligo is found to be seen on some particular part of the body only and it didn’t spread further.
- Segmental- In the segmental pattern of Vitiligo the discoloration occurs on one side of the body and the other side remains unaffected.
- Generalized- In the generalized pattern the signs of Vitiligo starts from one part and as the time goes by spread all over the body.
Different methods to treat Vitiligo
There are different approaches which can be followed to treat Vitiligo. These are as follows:
Medication– In this approach, different medicines are used to treat the discolored or white patches of the skin. Different creams and lotions are applied topically on the affected areas which largely depend upon the areas of occurrence and its size. The most commonly used for the treatment is Psoralens either in its natural form or artificial along with the exposure of the sun.
Medications do prove beneficial but when they are combined with other approaches like light and laser therapy under medical supervision they endow even better results.
Light Therapy- Light therapy mainly utilizes laser beams in their concentrated form to overcome the signs of Vitiligo. However, there are different light therapies to combat the issue. These are as follows:
Narrowband UVB Light Therapy: The light is emitted in this procedure in the desired wavelength which helps in re-pigment the discolored parts of the body due to vitiligo.
Phototherapy: In this method, specific wavelengths of light is applied in the affected areas along with the psoralens which not only kills the immune cells but also re-pigment the discolored portions of the body.
Excimer laser: This is another effective and long-lasting method to overcome vitiligo but treating vitiligo by excimer laser requires precision and expertise, therefore, consulting only specialized doctors is recommended.
Surgical treatments- other than medicines and light therapy surgical treatments like grafting and transplanting are yet other effectual methods to treat vitiligo. In this process, the parts of the body which are free from the signs of vitiligo are taken and transplanted in the affected areas. This is a surgical method, therefore, require specialization.
If you want to get rid of the vitiligo and looking for the best dermatologist in Delhi then we could help you to a great extent. With our specialized doctors and number of happy and contended patients, we can assure you the best outcome with our treatment. So don’t shy from the world due to vitiligo as it can be treated and you can become like before.